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Monday, August 8, 2011

Sundarban mangrove forest

The sundarbans is the largest forest mangrove forest of the world .It has been declared the world heritage site of the world. The sundarbans is also an attractive and tourist sport. The natural beauty of sundarbans is charming. The Sundarbans along the Bay of Bengal has evolved over the millennia through natural deposition of upstream sediments accompanied by intertidal separation. The physiographic is subjugated by deltaic formations that consist of numerous drainage lines related with surface and subaqueous levees, splays and tidal flats. There are also marginal marshes above mean tide level, tidal sandbars and islands with their network of tidal channels, subaqueous distal bars and proto-delta clays and silt sediments. The sundarbans is as known as mangrove forest and has a many various kind of trees such as Sundari ,gewa, poshour, dhundul and many other are found in this forest. Sundari and Gewa occur significantly throughout the area with alternating distribution of Dhundul and Kankra. The sundarbans is a wonderful place as a natural beauty. sundarbans fresh water are a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of Bangladesh .It represents the salty swamp forests that lie behind the sundarbans mangroves where the salinity is more prominent. The freshwater ecoregion is an area where the water is only slightly brackish and becomes quite fresh during the rainy season, when the freshwater plumes from the Ganges and the Brahmaputra rivers push the intruding salt water out and transport a deposit of buildup. The Sundarbans was everywhere intersected by river channels and creeks, some of which afforded water communication throughout the Bengal section both for steamer and for native boats. The Sundarbans is very important wintering area for refugee water birds and is an area suitable for watching and studying avifauna. The Sundarbans provides a unique ecosystem and a rich wildlife environment. The Bangladesh mangrove plant life of the Sundarbans differs greatly from other non-deltaic coastal mangrove forests and upland forests associations. nothing like the former, the Rhizophoraceae are of slight importance. Differences in vegetation have been explained in terms of freshwater and low salinity influences in the Northeast and variations in drainage and siltation. The Sundarbans has been classified as a moist tropical forest representing a whole variety of seres, comprising most important colonization on new accretions to new mature beach forests, a lot conspicuously dominated by Keora forests. In the past three principal undergrowth types have been recognized in broad link with varying degrees of water salinity, freshwater flushing and physiographic and which are represented in the wildlife sanctuaries.

Sunday, August 7, 2011

The Agra fort (Taj mahal, India)


Taj Mahal, the wonderful memorial that stands at the heart of India has a story that has been melting the hearts of millions of viewers since the time Taj has been able to be seen. A story, that although ended back in 1631, continues to live on in the form of Taj and is considered a living example of perpetual love. It's the love story of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal, two people from the course of the past who set an pattern for the people living in present and the future to come. Maghul Emperor shajahan was built the Taj mahal which  as known as Agra fort. The important Maghal monument is so decorate and It is a powerful fortress constructed of red sand stone and hence its name the “Red fort-of Agra”. Taj mahal is a peaceful site by the river of Jumna about one and a half miles away from the Agra fort on the southern of the city. The  Taj Mahal has a beautiful garden in front. The garden is the very impressing part of the complex. The garden is divided into four side with two main walkways. Each part has also divided in the four with around  walkways .  Around the garden is built the mughal style of architecture. The style of the building influenced by the Persian garden particularly as known as charbagh structure. The garden is design by india mughal emperor .It symbolizes the four flowing rivers of paradise and reflects the Persian. The Taj mahal garden is the main element of the tomb and is located at the end of the garden. The most basic feature is the enclosure of the Cultivated area. The garden is one of the fundamental original garden in Various combinations. The Persian garden consist of formal four-sided figure of water and of flow to give it life and movement. The paradise garden takes some character from originally semi homeland. The story will prove that why the statement is true. Shah Jahan, initially named Prince Khurram, was born in the year 1592. He was the son of Jehangir, the fourth Mughal emperor of India and the grandson of Akbar the Great. In 1607 when strolling down the Meena Bazaar, accompanied by a string of fawning courtiers, Shah Jahan caught a view of a girl hawking silk and glass beads. It was love at first sight and the girl was Mumtaz Mahal, who was known as Arjumand Banu Begum at that time. At that time, he was 14 years old and she was  a Muslim Persian princess. After meeting her, Shah Jahan went back to his father and stated that he wanted to marry her.